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Our Skin

A few interesting facts about our skin:

  • skin is the body's largest organ
  • regulates body temperature
  • Stores fat, Vitamin D and water

is made up of 3 layers i.e; the dermis, epidermis and the subcutaneous tissue (fat layer).

The epidermis itself is made up of three layers

  • Stratum corneum (horny layer) This layer contains continually shedding, dead skin cells. The keratin, a protein formed from the dead cells, protects the skin from harmful substances.
  • Keratinocytes (squamous cells) This layer contains living keratinocytes (squamous cells), which help provide the skin with what it needs to protect the rest of the body.
  • Basal layer The basal layer is the inner layer of the epidermis, containing basal cells. Basal cells divide, forming new keratinocytes and replacing the old ones that are shed from the skin's surface.
  • The epidermis also contains melanocytes, which are cells that produce melanin (skin pigment).

The dermis is made up of the following

  • blood vessels
  • lymph vessels
  • hair follicles
  • sweat glands

The dermis is held together by a protein called collagen, made by fibroblasts (skin cells that give the skin its strength and resilience). This layer also contains pain and touch receptors

The Subcutaneous layer

The subcutis( fat layer) is the deepest layer of skin and is also known as the subcutaneous layer. The subcutis, consisting of a network of collagen and fat cells, helps conserve the body's heat while protecting other organs from injury by acting as a "shock absorber."

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